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2016
Volume 7
Volume 7, Issue 2
In This Issue
S&T Trends - Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Climate Change
Articles
ICT Convergence in Creative Economy for Policy Coordination: A Case Study of Unmanned Vehicle Research for Developing Digital Platform and Ecosystem
B. Joon Kim
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This study is to examine markets and policies of sectoral Information Communication & Technology (ICT) convergence, focusing on a case study of policy coordination with ICT convergence from the perspective of building a digital platform and ecosystem to enhance synergy effects in the industrial sector. Based on general, theoretical studies on digital platforms and ecosystems, unmanned vehicles (or ICT convergence of autonomous vehicles) were selected to design a model and draw practical implications. With AHP survey targeting experts and researchers (including graduate students) working in the field, the design of policy and systems, and the basic direction for policy coordination were investigated. This introductory study was conducted to verify whether digital platform and ecosystem are being realized as in developed countries. In particular, the present study’s policy implications were suggested with respect to policy mediation through the case study. Core values of digital platform and ecosystem are 1) ICT convergence ecosystem (systems and policy establishment); 2) economic development and industry growth (economic and industrial support); 3) social entitlements (social contribution); and 4) technological development (cooperative research and technology development). Based on these factors, priorities were analyzed from each sub-factor. The finding shows that policy coordination should pursue ICT-based industries, concentrating on the artificial intelligence industry; and should develop intelligent cars that prevent accidents with a view to reducing social costs while realizing the creative economy in the future.  

Regional Economic Development―A Survey of Theories in the Past Two Centuries (1800-2000)
Xiaohong Quan
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The purpose of this paper is to survey the evolution of theories in the field of regional economic development in the past two centuries (1800-2000) before the new millennium. Theories from the ‘spacial’ dimension and from the ‘economic’ dimension are understood as the classical foundation of the field. Important theories are identified and discussed for regional economic development. Specifically, the topics examined here first center around the mechanisms behind regional economic growth, answering questions such as why growth happens in certain regions, why growth can shift to other places, and what factors or environments can foster growth in certain regions. Then the more recent discussions focus on theories regarding globalization and spatial division of labor, industrial districts, and social institutions that foster the growth of regions. The paper closes with a brief discussion of the spatial views from the mainstream economists in the late twentieth century. Future research needs to examine main theories in the twenty-first century in the field of regional economic development to complete the picture. 

Science and Technology Trends
Post-2020 Greenhouse Reduction Target of Korea: Evaluation and Its Implications
Sangjun Lee
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An Overview of Japan’s Climate Change Mitigation Policy
Kentaro Tamura
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Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Climate Change: Indonesia’s Story
Syamsidar Thamrin
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Greenhouse Gas Reduction Options: Towards a Climate Control Roadmap for Malaysia
Abdul Quasem Al-Amin, Rajah Rasiah, and Nazia Mintz Habib
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Localization of Global Target in Paris Agreement Efforts from a Developing Country: National Policies and Sub-National Pioneers
Nguyen Thi Dieu Trinh
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